Cottonwood Canyon State Park

Mark Molner

watch

Stewardship Pronghorn Fence

Stewardship Pronghorn Fence

voices

Terry Butler, 2018 Volunteer of the Year

Terry Butler, 2018 Volunteer of the Year

“If I have to pick a favorite place in Oregon’s high desert, it would be Sutton Mountain, but I’m excited about all of the Wilderness Study Areas,” says Terry, adding, “Each is a gem to explore, and I hope they all get protection someday… I love the scale of the physical beauty of the desert.”

listen

Cottonwood Canyon Riparian Soundscape

Cottonwood Canyon Riparian Soundscape

Goal

Recovering the plant community along Hay Creek to the point where it can sustain beaver colonies and beaver can finish the restoration work for us.

Timeline

Project Start Year: 2018
Anticipated Completion: 2021


About this place

Cottonwood Canyon is Oregon’s second largest state park. Its large size and location on the lower John Day River allow it to contain diverse wildlife habitat for everything from California bighorn sheep to salmon. Its relative proximity to Portland allows many west-siders to access the high desert with relative ease. The park encompasses not only rugged canyon terrain along the John Day itself, but extensive tributary canyons an uplands extending into the landscape to the west and east. Hay Creek is one of these canyons at the northern extent of the park. ONDA’s restoration efforts are focused along three miles of spring-fed, creek containing essential salmonid habitat. Hay Creek was already so highly degraded by the turn of the last century that surveyors from the Government Land Office remarked about it in their notes. Today, further degraded by floods and a history of heavy use, Hay Creek is essentially devoid of riparian habitat and lies in a straightened channel, eroded up to 20 feet below its surrounding floodplain.

Our efforts

ONDA has been funded by Oregon State Parks to implement a four-year project that will reestablish self-sustaining habitat for beaver along three miles of Hay Creek. By reestablishing beaver habitat, and allowing beaver to return, the natural processes that sustain hundreds of other species can be maintained.

This goal will be achieved by using three approaches:
1) Any riparian hardwoods emerging due to the exclusion of grazing from the valley will be temporarily protected from beaver and deer browse to allow them to better establish, grow and spread.
2) Up to 38 beaver dam analogues (BDAs) will be constructed along the length of the creek to help raise the water table. A higher water table will increase the area suitable for additional riparian plants to establish in the otherwise arid landscape. A higher water table also helps protect the roots of plants from the frequent wild-fires in the area allowing for faster recovery by preventing mortality, as well as maintaining vegetative protection against the erosion so common after fires.
3) Active planting of native species missing from the community.

Project history

ONDA has been involved with work on Hay Creek since before Cottonwood Canyon was a state park, with initial projects involving some riparian plantings and the mapping and removal of obsolete fencing. After a year of planning and additional fund-raising, large-scale restoration implementation was able to begin on Hay Creek in 2018. During that summer, volunteers constructed nearly 100 exclosure fences to protect as many of the existing hardwood trees as possible. BDA construction will take place in 2019 and 2020, with planting beginning in fall 2019 and running through 2021.