Seven Steps to Save Sage-Grouse

Michelle Alvarado   Website

Author: Mark Salvo  |  Published: April 5, 2022  |  Category: Deep Dive

After three and half decades of monitoring sage-grouse habitat, sorting through the science, engaging in innumerable federal, state and local planning processes, and advocating for formal protections for the species, Oregon Natural Desert Association has what you might call a few thoughts on sage-grouse conservation. In fact, our staff has more than 50 years of collective experience working on behalf of the species. 

And we’re putting that experience and expertise to the test again this spring. For the third time in the last ten years, the Bureau of Land Management is updating its plans to conserve and recover sage-grouse on more than 65 million acres of public lands across the west, including 10 million acres in Oregon.

In February, as part of the first round public input, we submitted 56 pages of comments on the BLM’s latest planning update – we just can’t help ourselves. More than 1,000 ONDA members and supporters joined us in promoting sage-grouse conservation on public lands (Thank you!). Fortunately for our land management agency partners, we were also able to distill thousands of pages of research and decades of engagement to just seven steps that, taken together, would help reverse sage-grouse declines in Oregon.

The new planning process is barreling forward. Sage-grouse are gathering at their mating grounds again this spring. There’s no better time to share ONDA’s seven steps for saving sage-grouse, so we can all be the best possible advocates for this iconic species as decision-makers chart its future on public lands.


Greater Sage Grouse and Sparrows at Hart Mountain

Greater Sage Grouse and Sparrows at Hart Mountain


Helen Harbin on Wildlife

Helen Harbin on Wildlife


John Cunningham, ONDA member and volunteer

John Cunningham, ONDA member and volunteer

Restoration is hard slow work. It takes hold, or it doesn’t, in fits and starts. The immensity of the need can be discouraging, but we must carry on. I am so thankful ONDA carries on.

Newborn sage-grouse chicks

  1. Identify and conserve late summer habitat where greater sage-grouse raise their young

Imagine you’re a sage-grouse hen with chicks looking for habitat on a hot August day. You’d want to hang out in a cool, green, lush meadow, right? Indeed, that’s their preference, as confirmed by recent research from the northern Great Basin. Unfortunately, the cool, green, moist environments that sage-grouse hens and chicks need in late summer are also some of the most limited and threatened habitats in the sagebrush steppe. 

Our recommendation: identify and specially protect these habitats as key to sage-grouse survival over the hot summer months.

By the way, reintroducing beaver to habitats is a great way to restore streams, creeks, and wet meadow habitat. Beaver do a wonderful job, and they work for free. 

  1. Identify and conserve winter habitat where greater sage-grouse feed and take shelter

Unlike summer habitat, there is ample winter habitat for sage-grouse in Oregon, but current plans fail to protect those areas. 

Our recommendation: identify and bar any disturbance to these stands of tall sagebrush shrubs that sage-grouse depend on for food and shelter during snowy winters. 

  1. Mitigate climate change impacts on greater sage-grouse and sagebrush habitats

The Biden administration has made climate change adaptation a centerpiece of its conservation agenda, and now the Bureau of Land Management is considering how best to manage sage-grouse and other flora and fauna in a warming world. 

Our recommendation: protect higher elevation, cooler environments and connective corridors between them to aid species seeking refuge from climate effects, while ensuring that permitted land use and development don’t compromise the ecosystem’s ability to withstand warmer temperatures and more frequent drought. 

  1. Manage domestic livestock grazing to support greater sage-grouse conservation and ecosystem resilience

Livestock grazing is the most pervasive use of sage-grouse range in Oregon, with upwards of 12 million acres of public lands permitted for grazing. While the debate continues over the exact effects of grazing on grouse habitat, there are some common-sense steps the Bureau of Land Management can take to both better understand potential impacts and ensure grazing does not unnecessarily harm the species.

Our recommendation: ensure grazing sustains robust, resilient, sagebrush habitats, while setting aside ungrazed areas for comparative research; remove or modify unnecessary fences and livestock water developments, and manage livestock to avoid contributing the spread of exotic weeds; and allow grazing permittees to voluntarily retire their grazing permits as part of a comprehensive land management program.

  1. Preserve greater sage-grouse priority habitat from new disturbance

Sage-grouse are quite sensitive to human disturbance in their habitat, including development of energy facilities, transmission lines, cell phone towers, mining operations, roads and other infrastructure, as well as large-scale vegetation management projects. 

Our recommendation: limit and even restrict development and disturbance in the most essential sage-grouse habitat areas.

  1. Plan and manage travel in greater sage-grouse habitat

This one is simple, and something the Bureau of Land Management has previously identified as important to conserving the bird’s habitat. 

Our recommendation: conduct new transportation planning in eastern Oregon, and with an eye toward conserving sage-grouse and other wildlife. These public processes determine which routes should remain open, what routes should be closed, and areas that should be preserved from off-road vehicle use to protect sensitive natural resources.

  1. Retain, designate and manage sagebrush reserves for greater sage-grouse and other fish and wildlife

The science is clear: designating and protecting habitat reserves is more likely to conserve and recover sensitive and imperiled species than not. Thankfully, the BLM’s current sage-grouse plan for Oregon designates important and expansive habitat areas for sage-grouse, but they could be larger, and better protected. 

Our recommendation: designate and protect habitat reserves, climate refugia and movement corridors to support sage-grouse and other wildlife as they contend with land use, fire, invasive species and climate change. 

There you have it, ONDA’s seven steps to save sage-grouse.

We’ll cover sage-grouse natural history and conservation efforts in more depth in our Spring+Summer 2022 issue of our Desert Ramblings newsletter; look for that in your mailbox if you are a current member, or join today to become one. Thank you for joining our campaign to conserve sage-grouse in Oregon’s high desert. Now you’re ready to speak out on behalf of grouse and their habitat as the federal planning process proceeds.