About the ODT

Jeremy Fox

Oregon Natural Desert Association developed the Oregon Desert Trail to showcase the most spectacular natural areas of the state’s dry side, including Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, Steens Mountain, and the Owyhee Canyonlands and engage desert explorers in public lands conservation.

While we have surveyed every inch of the route in crafting the Oregon Desert Trail, it remains a work-in-progress by design. As you explore this route, we invite you to share with us what you learn along the way and we will share that information with others.

Learn more about why ONDA decided to create the ODT, some interesting facts about the route, and some of the ways the ODT is engaging hikers in conservation and learning more about our public lands and eastern Oregon.


Great Basin Spadefoot Toads – a sleepy chorus

Great Basin Spadefoot Toads – a sleepy chorus


Western Meadowlark Dawn Chorus

Western Meadowlark Dawn Chorus


Oregon Desert Trail Map

Oregon Desert Trail Map


  • This unmarked route is 751.7 miles, give or take. 
  • Highest point on the route: 9,552’ in the Steens Mountain
  • Lowest point on the route: 2,655’ at Lake Owyhee State Park
  • Driest section: The first 160 miles from the western terminus in Bend to Paisley
  • Longest water carry: This depends on the season. It could be about 40 miles, often much less.
  • Best seasons to hike: spring and fall
  • 16 different towns and cities along the route can provide hiker services.
  • There are many ways to travel the route, and multi-sport information has been developed for bikes, equestrians, boats and skis/snowshoes.


If you want to cover all 750 miles, you would spend:
  • 10% of your time hiking on trail
  • 35% of your time navigating cross country terrain
  • 50% of your time walking on unpaved or dirt roads
  • 5% of your time cruising on paved roads


The Oregon Desert Trail is part of a vast connected network of long-distance trails
  • The ODT ties into one National Recreation Trail: the Fremont National Recreation Trail near Lakeview and Paisley, OR. 
  • The ODT shares 50.4-mile section of the Fremont National Recreation Trail with a long-distance bikepacking route –  the Oregon Timber Trail
  • The ODT ties into the cross-continental Desert Trail route, which runs from Mexico to Canada, for 75 miles from South Steens Campground to the southern tip of the Pueblo Mountains. (ODT Sections 14-16)
  • For ideas about how to hike between the Idaho Centennial Trail, Pacific Crest Trail, and Blue Mountains Trail, send us an email: odt@onda.org

The Backstory

One fateful night in 2010, Brent Fenty, then Oregon Natural Desert Association’s executive director, couldn’t sleep.

He lay awake, wrestling with a question: how do we introduce more people to the desert treasures he grew up exploring? For this avid outdoorsman and PCT thru-hiker, a trail that connected all the highlights of Oregon’s high desert might just be what the high desert explorers needed.

By connecting the remote and stunning regions in Oregon’s high desert like the Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, the Steens Mountain, and the Owyhee Canyonlands with a trail, hikers could be immersed in the lands ONDA has been striving to protect for 30 years. Perhaps introducing more people to these amazing landscapes could help foster a sense of responsibility to protect, defend, and restore Oregon’s high desert for generations to come.

Route Development

What arose as a wisp of an idea in 2010, soon became a dream for a new long-distance trail, and then that dream began to become reality in 2011. From 2011 to 2014, Oregon Desert Trail Coordinator Jeremy Fox kicked off the development by taking stock of the existing infrastructure that crossed the desert, using ONDA conservation successes and priorities across eastern Oregon as a guiding framework.

Several existing trail systems provided the backbone of the ODT including the Fremont National Recreation Trail, Steens Mountain Wilderness Trails, and Desert Trail. The trail took shape not as a straight line from one point of interest to another, but as a winding line through the scenic and remote landscapes of southeastern Oregon.

After thousands of hours of volunteer and staff work inventorying and ground-truthing the route, the Oregon Desert Trail emerged as an immersive desert experience that can be explored through cross-country travel, old roads, and existing trail.

2013: Sage Clegg became the first to complete the entire route, and through her weeks of hiking and biking across the high desert and detailed feedback, ONDA was able to further refine the trail and develop a map-set and guidebook.

2014: Trail materials were released to the public. Three hikers successfully completed the Oregon Desert Trail.

2015: One hiker completed the route using traditional navigation (map and compass only). ONDA hired a new Oregon Desert Trail Coordinator, Renee Patrick, who had just completed a successful Continental Divide Trail thru-hike. With over 10,000 miles hiked on long distance trails, Renee’s extensive outdoor experiences are helping her to further establish the Oregon Desert Trail as a premier desert backpacking experience.

2016: The number of completed thru-hikes doubled. Five new trail resources were released to the public, and ONDA built partnerships with community stakeholders and agency partners.

2017: ONDA built on previous successes by adding three more trail resources and revising all materials to include a guide to land designations and inventories along the route, along with suggested actions interested hikers can take to help conserve the high desert. More than 100 hikers experienced sections of the trail, 6 completed the route including the first two successful east-to-west thru-hikes, and 45 volunteers spent a combined 810 hours on trail-related projects.

2018: 10 hikers completed the entire route, including the inspiring UltraPedestrians who linked together the Oregon Desert Trail, Pacific Crest Trail, Pacific Northwest Trail and Idaho Centennial Trail in a 2,600 mile loop they dubbed the UpNorth Loop. 78 volunteers spent a combined 1,628 hours on trail-related projects.

2019: ONDA released updated maps and guidebook to include multi-sport options along the route, a skills rating to qualify the difficulty of navigation, water availability and terrain per section, and improved driving directions to each section start and end. 7 hikers completed the entire route, and 71 volunteers spent a combined 1,653 hours on trail-related projects.

2020: COVID-19 changed, well, everything and we suddenly found ourselves discouraging people from traveling through the small towns in eastern Oregon.

2021: Hikers were eager to hit the trail after the tumultuous 2020 happenings and 10 hikers finished the entire route.

2022: A cold and snowy spring caught many hikers by surprise along the route this year, but despite frosty tents and cold mornings, 11 people completed the route.

2023: The ODT continues to inspire and motivate hikers! 10 people completed the route this year.

The Future

What does the future of the Oregon Desert Trail look like? Here are some thoughts:

Keep the route a route: The Oregon Desert Trail is a “virtual trail,” and completing the route in its entirety is a very challenging backcountry adventure. We believe there is a place for a remote route like this in the growing list of long distance backpacking experiences. Instead of building trail, we see the Oregon Desert Trail as an opportunity to teach hikers and other quiet recreationists how to responsibly travel through our eastern Oregon desert landscapes.

Helping more hikers really get to know Oregon’s desert: To hike a section or more of the ODT, hikers need to be present and tuned into their surroundings in order to be successful. This level of attention provides an opportunity for hikers to understand the desert on a deeper level…and really know Oregon’s desert landscapes. We want to facilitate the hiking experience to provide a truly immersive adventure so that hikers/bikers/equestrians/boaters/skiers can learn about the geology, flora and fauna, Native American and homesteading history, and more about the present livelihoods and culture of eastern Oregon.

Encourage the use of alternate routes: Alternates can help diversify impacts, especially on cross-country sections, and also give hikers a “choose your own adventure” type of experience. As long as hikers remain on public land, we encourage them to make the route their own, explore the mountains, valleys, canyons, and rivers in the desert, and let us know about them! As more people spend more time in eastern Oregon and make the route their own, we can continue to share data and water information in the form of trail alternates. We don’t need to connect to all the amazing places in the desert (sometimes they are best left a secret) but we can provide interesting route options for those looking to go off the beaten path.

Connect hikers and other forms of quiet recreation to ONDA’s conservation work: Oregon Natural Desert Association’s mission is to protect, restore and defend Oregon’s desert areas, and hikers can help us in these efforts. We’ve developed a series of conservation actions hikers can take while on the route, and after traveling through our incredible high desert landscapes we hope folks will be inspired to join us in our work as a member or a volunteer on a future stewardship trip.